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What is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that affects social communication and behavior. Early signs of autism can often be detected in infants by 18 months of age; and most children are diagnosed between the ages of 2 to 3.

Autism is known as a “spectrum” disorder as it occurs that there is a wide variation in the type and severity of symptoms.

Even though ASD can be a lifelong disorder, early intensive behavioral intervention has been proven to help improve the symptoms and ability to function.

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), which is a guide made by the American Psychiatric Association to diagnose mental disorders, people with ASD have:

TROUBLE
communicating and interacting with other people

RESTRICTED
interests and repetitive
behaviors

SYMPTOMS
that affect many aspects of their daily lives

Signs and Symptoms of ASD

People with ASD have difficulty with social communication and interaction, restricted interests, and repetitive behaviors. The lists below show some early symptoms that can be detected before a child is 24 months of age as well as examples of symptoms that may occur in people diagnosed with ASD.

Early symptoms to be aware of before a child is 24 months of age

  • Doesn’t respond with a smile or happy facial expression by 6 months
  • Doesn’t mimic sounds or facial expressions by 9 months
  • Doesn’t babble or coo by 12 months
  • Doesn’t gesture – such as point or waving by 14 months
  • Doesn’t say single words by 16 months
  • Doesn’t play “make-believe” or pretend by 18 months
  • Doesn’t say two-word phrases by 24 months

Restrictive / repetitive behaviors

  • Echolalia, repeating words or phrases
  • Lack play skills
  • Exhibiting repetitive movements, such as rocking, spinning or hand flapping
  • Engaging in self-injurious behaviors, such as biting or head-banging
  • Following specific routines or having rituals
  • Unable to cope with changes
  • Fascinated by details of an object, such as the spinning wheels of a toy car, or the flashing of the lights
  • Fixating on an object or activity

Issues with social communication and interaction

  • Little or inconsistent eye contact
  • Lack facial expression
  • Not speaking, or having delayed speech
  • Not being able to speak words or sentences
  • Having a monotone voice
  • Having difficulties to sustain a conversation
  • Not understanding simple questions
  • Unable to follow simple instructions
  • Prefer to play alone
  • Not “listening” to people
  • Not responding to name
  • Not using gesture to communicate
  • Avoiding physical social contacts such as cuddling and holding
  • Unable to recognize nonverbal cues such as people’s facial expressions, body gesture or tone of voice
  • Using inappropriate ways to interact, such as by being passive, aggressive or disruptive

Types of Services / Programs

1 on 1 Intensive Training

(minimum 15 hours a week)

  • Tailored-made service carried out by our therapist
  • Weekly supervision by our experienced supervisors
  • Monthly meeting with our team to make sure that parents
  • Supervisor home visit session to help the family to set up procedures and equipping family members with essential skills to handle daily issues.
School Shadowing

When the student is ready for school, our therapist will act as a shadow teacher to help the student to have a smooth transition back to school environment.

Parent Training Program

This training course will be taught and supervised by our Supervisors. It contains 2 sections, theories and hands-on practice. This program helps parents to equip with knowledge and skills to carry out programs and curriculum at home.